5–8-Year-Old Children’s Perceived Procedural Justice
Children are thought to develop an increasing concern about justice over the course of their development (Rochat et al., 2009). During middle childhood, their valuing of procedural justice highly increases and, at the age of 8, children’s stage of procedural justice is almost similar to that of adults (Shaw & Olson, 2014). It has not been determined yet at what age children’s procedural justice development reaches its highest point. Therefore, research on 5–8-year-old children’s procedural justice was undertaken by analysing children’s choices among unbiased, biased and slightly biased procedures and a prize elimination procedure. To achieve this goal, an interactive animation was designed with Adobe Flash Professional CC demo programme. This animation included a situation when the children had to decide how to distribute one prize between two participants who performed the same task. The animation was divided into two experimental stages. During the first stage, the children had to choose among unbiased, biased and slightly biased procedures, whereas the second stage asked them to choose among unbiased, biased, slightly biased and prize elimination procedures. 131 children, aged 5–8, participated in this experiment. The research findings demonstrate that there is no significant difference between 5–8-year-old children’s choices among unbiased, biased and slightly biased procedures and a prize elimination procedure. The research has also revealed that 8-year-old children are more likely to choose unbiased procedures compared with 5-year-olds.
Keywords: procedural justice, distributive justice, unbiased procedure, biased procedure, slightly biased procedure.
How to cite: Lukauskaitė, V., & Daugirdienė, A. (2015). 5–8 metų vaikų suvoktas procedūrinis teisingumas [5–8-year-old children’s perceived procedural justice]. Ugdymo psichologija, 26, 27–43. http://dx.doi.org/10.15823/up.2015.03