Attitudes towards suicide and sense of coherence among religious and non-religious adults

Aistė Kucavičiūtė, Margarita Pileckaitė-Markovienė, Paulius Skruibis

Abstract


The aim of the paper was to investigate religious and non-religious adults’ attitude towards suicide, the sense of coherence. Attitudes Towards Suicide (Skruibis, 2008b) and Sense of Coherence (Antonovsky, 1987) Scales were used as evaluation tools. 120 religious and non-religious adults’ took part in the survey. Level of person’s religiosity was ascertainable by scale created by authors. It had been found that the attitude towards suicide was different between religious and non-religious adults. The highest standard scores of suicide acceptability were among non-religious adults and the lowest among clergy (p < 0.05). Suicide condemnation was highest among clergy and lowest among non-religious adults (p < 0.05). Rates of non-interference were highest among clergy (p < 0.05). Data analysis by the aspects of sex and age showed the same consistent patterns. Got results showed that clergy had higher sense of coherence than other two groups of respondents (p < 0.05). Data analysis by the aspects of sex and among older participants of the survey showed the same consistent patterns. Data analysis among younger adults showed that standard scores of such components of sense of coherence as ‘comprehensibility’ and ‘manageability’ were lowest among religious adults and standard scores of the component ‘meaningfulness’ were lowest among non-religious adults (p < 0.05).

Keywords: religiosity, attitudes towards suicide, sense of coherence.


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